EYFS and KS1 Phonics
At All Souls' we use the Letters and Sounds resource to support the systematic teaching of phonics. At the start of Reception year, pupils begin the Letters and Sounds programme and continue it across Key Stage 1 (Years 1 and 2). Pupils from Reception and KS1 will engage in daily phonics sessions, where they will work on the relevant Phase of the Letters and Sounds programme.
Phase One of Letters and Sounds concentrates on developing children's speaking and listening skills and focuses on sounds in everyday life, rather than in words. In order for children to be ready to begin developing oral blending and segmenting skills, they need to be tuned in to the sounds they hear around them.
The website below has many good resources for Phase 1 - click on the banner.
Phase 2 introduces children to letters, and their corresponding sound, in the following sequence:
Set 1: s, a, t, p
Set 2: i, n, m, d
Set 3: g, o, c, k
Set 4: ck, e, u, r
Set 5: h, b, f, ff, l, ll, ss
The following resources will help you to support your child through Phase 2.
Phase 3 introduces 25 new graphemes. Once the children have been taught Sets 6 & 7 they learn about graphemes where more than one letter represents one sound e.g. the grapheme 'ai' represents one sound in the word 'pain'.
Set 6: j, v, w, x
Set 7: y, z, zz, qu
Consonant digraphs: ch, sh, th, ng
Vowel digraphs: ai, ee, igh, oa, oo, ar, or, ur, ow, oi, ear, air, ure, er
The following resources will help you to support your child through Phase 3.
In Phase 4, no new graphemes are introduced. The main aim of this phase is to consolidate the children's knowledge and for them to be able to blend an increasing number of sounds together in order to read.
The word 'pen' is a CVC word (consonant / vowel / consonant). Examples of other CVC words:-
The word 'stop' is a CCVC word (consonant / consonant / vowel / consonant). Examples of other CCVC words:-
The word 'milk' is a CVCC word (consonant / vowel / consonant / consonant). Examples of other CVCC words:-
The following resources will help you to support your child through Phase 4.
In Phase Five, children will learn more graphemes and phonemes. For example, they already know 'ai' as in 'pain', but now they will be introduced to 'ay' as in 'way' and 'a-e' as in 'take'.
Some new graphemes for reading
* words in italics are tricky words
The following resources will help you to support your child through Phase 5.
The main aim of Phase 6 is for children to read with more fluency and for them to become more accurate spellers.
They resources links below include word cards to practise adding suffixes such as -s, -es, -ing, -er, -ed etc.