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EYFS and KS1 Phonics

At All Souls' we use the Letters and Sounds resource to support the systematic teaching of phonics. At the start of Reception year, pupils begin the Letters and Sounds programme and continue it across Key Stage 1 (Years 1 and 2). Pupils from Reception and KS1 will engage in daily phonics sessions, where they will work on the relevant Phase of the Letters and Sounds programme. 




Phase 1

Phase One of Letters and Sounds concentrates on developing children's speaking and listening skills and focuses on sounds in everyday life, rather than in words. In order for children to be ready to begin developing oral blending and segmenting skills, they need to be tuned in to the sounds they hear around them.

The website below has many good resources for Phase 1 - click on the banner.


Phase 2

Phase 2 introduces children to letters, and their corresponding sound, in the following sequence:

Set 1: s, a, t, p
Set 2: i, n, m, d
Set 3: g, o, c, k
Set 4: ck, e, u, r
Set 5: h, b, f, ff, l, ll, ss


The following resources will help you to support your child through Phase 2.

Grapheme Flash Cards          Phase 2 Tricky Words

Captions for Practising Reading (Letter sets 1-5)


Phase 3

Phase 3 introduces 25 new graphemes. Once the children have been taught Sets 6 & 7 they learn about graphemes where more than one letter represents one sound e.g. the grapheme 'ai' represents one sound in the word 'pain'.

Set 6: j, v, w, x

Set 7: y, z, zz, qu

Consonant digraphs: ch, sh, th, ng

Vowel digraphs: ai, ee, igh, oa, oo, ar, or, ur, ow, oi, ear, air, ure, er


The following resources will help you to support your child through Phase 3.

Grapheme Flash Cards          Phase 3 Tricky Words

Phase 3 Sentences (Letter sets 1-7)


Phase 4

In Phase 4, no new graphemes are introduced. The main aim of this phase is to consolidate the children's knowledge and for them to be able to blend an increasing number of sounds together in order to read. 

CVC Words

The word 'pen' is a CVC word (consonant / vowel / consonant). Examples of other CVC words:-

  • sad 
  • mud
  • bin

CCVC Words

The word 'stop' is a CCVC word (consonant / consonant / vowel / consonant). Examples of other CCVC words:- 

  • trip 
  • club
  • drum

CVCC Words

The word 'milk' is a CVCC word (consonant / vowel / consonant / consonant). Examples of other CVCC words:-

  • hump
  • bend
  • rest


The following resources will help you to support your child through Phase 4.

Phase 4 Tricky Words          Phase 4  Sentences 

Phase 4 Yes/No Questions


Phase 5

In Phase Five, children will learn more graphemes and phonemes. For example, they already know 'ai' as in 'pain', but now they will be introduced to 'ay' as in 'way' and 'a-e' as in 'take'.

Some new graphemes for reading

ay ou ie ea oy ir ue ue
day      out pie        sea boy girl clue cue
play about lie seat toy sir blue due
may cloud tie bead joy bird glue hue
say scout die read oyster shirt true venue
stray found cried meat Roy skirt Sue value
clay proud tried treat destroy birth Prue pursue
spray sprout spied heap Floyd third rue queue
tray sound fried least enjoy first flue statue
crayon loudest replied steamy royal thirteen issue rescue
delay mountain denied repeat annoying thirsty tissue argue 


aw wh ph ew ew oe au ey
saw when who Phillip blew stew toe Paul money
paw what whose Phillippa chew few hoe haul honey
raw which whole phonics grew new doe daub donkey
claw where whom sphinx drew dew foe launch cockney
jaw why whoever Christopher screw pew woe haunted jockey
lawn whistle   dolphin crew knew Joe Saul turkey
yawn whenever   prophet brew mildew goes August chimney
law wheel   phantom flew nephew tomatoes jaunty valley
shawl whisper   elephant threw renew potatoes author trolley
drawer white   alphabet Andrew Matthew heroes automatic monkey


a-e e-e i-e o-e u-e
came these like bone June huge
made Pete time pole flute cube
make Eve pine home prune tube
take Steve ripe alone rude use
game even shine those rule computer
race theme slide stone    
same gene prize woke    
snake scene nice note    
amaze complete invite explode    
escape extreme inside envelope    

* words in italics are tricky words


The following resources will help you to support your child through Phase 5.

Grapheme Flash Cards          Phase 5 Tricky Words


Phase 6

The main aim of Phase 6 is for children to read with more fluency and for them to become more accurate spellers.  

They resources links below include word cards to practise adding suffixes such as -s, -es, -ing, -er,     -ed etc.

  Words with -s and -es suffixes          

Adding suffixes to words ending with 'e'

Adding suffixes to words ending with 'y'

Adding suffixes to words ending with a single consonant

    Words with suffixes -ing, -ed, -ful, -ly, -est, -er, -ment,         -ness, -en