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EYFS and KS1 Phonics

This page is in the process of being updated.

At All Souls' we use the Bug Club resource to support the systematic teaching of phonics. Pupils from Reception and KS1 will engage in daily phonics sessions.

You can log into Bug Club by clicking the image below.

Reading Books

Your child will bring home a Bug Club reading book twice a week. The books they bring home will be matched to the phonic sounds they currently know, so your child will not need you to sound out, or read anything for them. Reading and re-reading these books will encourage fluency in your child's reading, which in turn will boost their confidence in their own reading abilities. Grown-ups: your role is one of enthusiastic supporter! Praise your child for their reading efforts. Although the books in the early days (with their limited vocabulary) can appear a little 'dry', take time to talk about the events in the book. Ask questions about what happened and why. Discuss how the book made them feel, or whether they enjoyed or disliked the book. Do the events link to something they have done in their own life experiences?

As part of the Bug Club phonic scheme, your child will also have access to a number of phonic books, games and activities on their online platform. When your child starts school they will receive a login and password to help them access these. Again, the books and resources provided online will match their current phonic knowledge. The online platform has a 'grown-ups' link to provide information and support to all our parents.

Your child's phonic knowledge is assessed regularly to ensure the books they bring home and have access to online are matched to their current abilities. 



Bug Club Unit Structure

Phase 2

Phase 2 introduces children to letters, and their corresponding sound, in the following sequence:

  Focus  Irregular Words
Unit 1 s, a, t, p  
Unit 2  i, n, m, d  
Unit 3  g, o, c, k to
Unit 4 ck, e, u, r the, no, go
Unit 5 h, b, f, ff, l, ll, ss I, into, her

Phase 3

Phase 3 introduces 25 new graphemes. In this phase, children will learn about graphemes where more than one letter represents one sound - this is called a digraph. E.g. the grapheme 'ai' represents one sound in the word 'pain'.

  Focus Irregular Words
Unit 6  j, v, w, x me, be
Unit 7 y, z, zz, qu he, my, by, she
Unit 8 ch, sh, th, ng they
Unit 9 ai, ee, igh, oa, oo (long), oo (short) we, are
Unit 10 ar, or, ur, ow, oi you
Unit 11 ear, air, ure, er all, was, give, live

Phase 4

In Phase 4, no new graphemes are introduced. The main aim of this phase is to consolidate the children's knowledge, and for them to be able to blend an increasing number of sounds together in order to read, this includes adjacent consonants e.g. stop - s t o p. The 's' and the 't' are both consonants, and are next to each other in this word.

Unit 12

CVC Words

The word 'pen' is a CVC word (consonant / vowel / consonant). Examples of other CVC words:-

  • sad 
  • mud

CCVC Words

The word 'stop' is a CCVC word (consonant / consonant / vowel / consonant). Examples of other CCVC words:- 

  • trip 
  • club

CVCC Words

The word 'milk' is a CVCC word (consonant / vowel / consonant / consonant). Examples of other CVCC words:-

  • hump
  • bend

Tricky words for Unit 12 - said, have, like, so, do, some, come, were, there, little, one, when, out, what

Phase 5

In Phase Five, children will learn more graphemes and phonemes. For example, they already know 'ai' as in 'pain', but now they will be introduced to 'ay' as in 'way' and 'a-e' as in 'take'.

Some new graphemes for reading

Unit 13 wh                e.g. when, white
  ph                 e,g, dolphin, phonics
Irregular words for this unit - oh, their, people
Unit 14 (long a) ay                  e.g. say, crayon
  a-e                e.g. made, escape
  eigh              e.g. eight, weigh  
  ey                  e.g. grey, they
  ei                   e.g. vein, reindeer
Irregular words for this unit - Mrs, Mr, Ms
Unit 15 (long e) ea                  e.g. sea, steamy
  e-e                 e.g. these, concrete
  ie                   e.g. shield, piece
  ey                  e.g. monkey, valley
  y                    e.g. very, jelly
Irregular words for this unit - looked, called, asked
Unit 16 (long i) ie                    e.g. tie, denied
  i-e                   e.g. shine, inside
  y                      e.g. try, supply
Irregular words for this unit - water, where
Unit 17 (long o) ow                   e.g. snow, grown
  o-e                   e.g. those, explode
  o/oe                e.g. potato, toe
Irregular words for this unit - who, again
Unit 18 (short oo) ew                    e.g. blew, threw
  ue                    e.g. clue, tissue
  u-e (long o)     e.g. tune, pollute
  u/oul               e.g. push, should
Irregular words for this unit - thought, through
Unit 19 aw                   e.g. saw, yawn         
  au                    e.g. haul, launch
  al                      e.g. call, talk       
Irregular words for this unit - work, laughed, because
Unit 20 ir                     e.g. bird, thirsty
  er                    e.g. herb, expert
  ear                  e.g. learn, heard
Irregular words for this unit - Thursday, Saturday, thirteen, thirty
Unit 21 ou                   e.g. cloud, mountain
  oy                    e.g. joy, oyster
Irregular words for this unit - different, any, many
Unit 22 ere/eer          e.g. sphere, sheer
  are/ear           e.g. share, wear
Irregular words for this unit - eyes, friends
Unit 23 c                      e.g. cash, camera
  k                      e.g. keep. thank
  ck                    e.g. track, pocket
  ch                    e.g. chemist, school
Irregular words for this unit - two, once
Unit 24 c(e)/c(i)/c(y)   e.g. force, circus, fancy
  sc/st(l)             e.g. scent, castle
  se                      e.g. use, noise
Irregular words for this unit - great, clothes
Unit 25 g(e)/g(i)/g(y)    e.g. age, ginger, gym
  dge                    e,g, bridge, judge
Irregular words for this unit - it's, I'm, I'll, I've
Unit 26 le                       e.g. purple, ankle
  mb                    e.g. climb, plumber 
  kn/gn               e.g. knit, gnome
  wr                     e.g. write, wreck
Irregular words for this unit - don't, can't, didn't
Unit 27 tch                    e.g batch, kitchen
  sh                      e.g. action, special
  ea                      e.g. bread, instead
  zh                      e.g. vision, treasure
  (w)a                  e.g. was, swamp
  o                        e.g. come, worry
Irregular words for this unit - first, second, third

Phase 6

The main aim of Phase 6 is for children to read with more fluency, and for them to become more accurate spellers.  

Unit 28 suffix ending: -ing           e.g. humming, jogging
  suffix ending: -ed            e.g. rubbed, dimmed
  suffix ending: - split digraph silent 'e' + '-ing', '-ed'            e.g. joked, saving
Irregular words for this unit - clearing, gleaming, rained, mailed
Unit 29 suffix ending: -s               e.g. dogs, apples
  suffix ending: '-es' after 'ss', 'x'             e.g. masses, boxes
  suffix ending: '-es' after 'ch', 'sh', 'tch'              e.g. bunches, wishes, ditches
Irregular words for this unit - men, mice, feet, teeth, sheep
Unit 30 prefix re-                         e.g. rejoin, replace
  prefix un-                        e.g. unfair, unhappy
  prefix + root + suffix      e.g. unloads, replayed, recalled